Only a few minutes' drive from Johannesburg, nestling in the peaceful Sterkfontein valley, you will discover the Cradle of Humankind, a World Heritage Site, and certainly the world's richest hominid site. There are 600 limestone caves discovered on the site which includes the Sterkfontein Caves. The fact that this is the site where the 2.3-million year-old fossil Australopithecus africanus(nicknamed "Mrs. Ples") was found in 1947 by Dr Robert Broom
The universal value of this site cannot be over-emphasised, because it contains a complex of palaeo-anthropological sites, which have yielded some of the most valuable evidence, world-wide, of the origins of modern humans, therefore the name "Cradle of Humankind".
Sterkfontein Caves -These caves are the discovery site of a myriad of hominid and other animal fossils. They date back more than 4-million years, to the birth of humanity. "Mrs. Ples", a 2.3-million-year-old Australopithecus skull, and "Little Foot", an almost complete Australopithecus skeleton that is more than 3-million years old are the most important and most famous of these fossils discovered here .We learn a lot about the prehistory of modern humans, called Homo sapiens.
The most recent discovery of "Australopithecus Sediba", made in 2009, of two partial skeletons is between 1,78 and 1,95 million years old. The discovery was made by Professor Lee Rogers Burger and his 9 year old son, Matthew.
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